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KF5JRV > TODAY    18.04.19 12:29l 31 Lines 1587 Bytes #999 (0) @ WW
BID : 34713_KF5JRV
Subj: Today in History - Apr 18
Sent: 190418/1124Z 34713@KF5JRV.#NWAR.AR.USA.NA BPQ6.0.18

At 5:13 a.m., an earthquake estimated at close to 8.0 on the Richter
scale strikes San Francisco, California, killing an estimated 3,000
people as it topples numerous buildings. The quake was caused by a slip
of the San Andreas Fault over a segment about 275 miles long, and shock
waves could be felt from southern Oregon down to Los Angeles.

San Francisco’s brick buildings and wooden Victorian structures were
especially devastated. Fires immediately broke out and–because broken
water mains prevented firefighters from stopping them–firestorms soon
developed citywide. At 7 a.m., U.S. Army troops from Fort Mason reported
to the Hall of Justice, and San Francisco Mayor E.E. Schmitz called for
the enforcement of a dusk-to-dawn curfew and authorized soldiers to
shoot-to-kill anyone found looting. Meanwhile, in the face of
significant aftershocks, firefighters and U.S. troops fought desperately
to control the ongoing fire, often dynamiting whole city blocks to
create firewalls. On April 20, 20,000 refugees trapped by the massive
fire were evacuated from the foot of Van Ness Avenue onto the USS

By April 23, most fires were extinguished, and authorities commenced the
task of rebuilding the devastated metropolis. It was estimated that some
3,000 people died as a result of the Great San Francisco Earthquake and
the devastating fires it inflicted upon the city. Almost 30,000
buildings were destroyed, including most of the city’s homes and nearly
all the central business district.

73 de Scott KF5JRV


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